— Beer Revolution: daily bread, or "it's time to have fun?"

Long before the advent of radiocarbon dating and similar methods, the first serious archaeologists divided the prehistory of the Old World to the stone, bronze and iron age. The Stone Age, in turn, was divided into the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age), Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) and Neolithic (New Stone Age).

Neolithic period was characterized more by new forms of production technology of stone tools, in particular the appearance of stone tools, grinding cooked, rather than chipping.

However, by the mid-twentieth century, archaeologists have learned that the Neolithic period presented himself much more than just the technology of production tools. It was about a complete upheaval in the lives of people on earth. After millions of years depending on wild plants and animals, people settled into permanent settlements, and began to provide his life with domestic animals and cultivated crops. In a relatively short period archaeological this led to the city and the entire complex civilizational attributes.

Of course, the Neolithic revolution was not the only factor in its own way, but now we know that the process of domestication of plants and animal domestication occurred constantly, and often independently, and in the Old and New World. In some areas, the process continues to this day.

A key component of which, apparently, has established a transition from hunting and gathering to horticulture, animal husbandry and agriculture is the introduction to the culture of starchy staple foods. The first of these were grains - especially wheat and barley - they began to reclaim the Middle East and in Asia Minor, about 10 - 12 thousand years ago. In Asia, a similar amelioration in the main been wheat and rice. Similarly, sorghum, and yams were introduced into cultivation in Africa, while in America it was corn, potatoes and cassava.

Introduction to the culture of food raw materials starch has completely changed life, because it provided enormous energy reserves and, especially, because it can be stored to feed the people, even in lean years.

Wheat and barley were among the first introduced into the culture of food of vegetable origin. And what do we do with wheat and barley? Of course, we do live beer, and for this reason some archaeologists argue that if it comes to that, it is a living beer was the reason why people have moved to a sedentary lifestyle and became engaged in farming. From this point of view, it is possible to live beer led to the birth tsivilizatsii.Zhizn without beer is hardly a civilized!

But the rest, referring to the archaeological evidence in the form of images on the pottery and the like, they objected, arguing that the primary product of the early cultivation of grain was the bread. In the 50th and 60th of the 20th century in archaeological circles were hotly debated as to what, beer or bread, most likely caused the Neolithic revolution.

Of course, the first of domesticated crops - wheat and barley - can also be used for preparation of various cereals. Over the years, archaeologists agreed that living beer brewed, razmachivaya bread in water, or dissolving the porridge for the mash. But it remains a big question, was not a desire to gain a living beer, thus a factor that has led to enormous social, technological and economic changes, which we call the Neolithic revolution.


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